Archives for the day Thursday, May 3rd, 2012

Japanese language Part II

 In the previous entry titled “Japanese language“, I wrote that Japanese
language consists of 3 types of alphabet;Ka-n-ji (Chinese character;
pictographic characters imported from China), Hi-ra-ga-na, and
Ka-ta-ka-na (phonetic alphabets developed in Japan.

 In Japanese alphabet,there are 46 letters. Main vowel is “a” as in “ant”,”i” as is “eat”, “u” as in “noon”, “e” as in “elk”, “o” as in “on”.

 These 5 mail vowel follows after k,s,t,n,h,m,y,r,w just like “ka”,”ki”,”ku”,”ke”,”ko”.

 As you can see in the alphabet table below, we do not have “L” sound and, that is the reason why we Japanese have trouble pronouncing “R” and “L” and sometimes, misspelling “R” and “L” in the words.

 Here is basic alphabet table written in Hiragana letters. Top is how we write it, and bottom is how you pronounce it.

a i u e o  
ka ki ku ke ko  
sa shi su se so  
ta chi tsu te to  
na ni nu ne no  
ha hi fu he ho  
ma mi mu me mo  
ya (i) yu (e) yo  
ra ri ru re ro  
wa (i) (u) (e) wo  

 When two small lines are added to the consonant, new characters are created. Also, small circles are added to consonant to create the different characters.

 Therefore, “Ka” becomes “Ga” with dakuten (two small lines on top of consonant), and “Ha” becomes “Ba” with dakuten (two small lines on top of the consonant) and when small circle is added to letter “Ha”, it becomes “Pa”.


alphabet with dakuten
ga gi gu ge go  
za ji zu ze zo
da ji zu de do
ba bi bu be bo
pa pi pu pe po  

 When small version of Hiragana “ya”,”yu”,”yo” is added to certain consonant,it changes the pronunciation and form of characters.

 For example, small version of “ya” is added to “sa”, it becomes “sha”.

(Diagraphs )
きゃ きゅ きょ  
kya kyu kyo  
しゃ  しゅ しょ  
sha shu sho  
ちゃ  ちゅ ちょ  
cha chu cho  
 にゃ にゅ にょ  
nya nyu nyo  
 ひゃ ひゅ  ひょ  
hya hyu hyo  
 みゃ みゅ みょ
mya my myo
りゃ りゅ りょ
rya ryu ryo

 Then, when small version of “ya””yu”,”yo” is added to letter with dakuten (letter with two small lines on top of consonant), it changes the pronunciation as well.

 For example, when small version of “ya” is added to “ga”, it is pronounced “gya”.

Yoon with
ぎゃ ぎゅ ぎょ  
gya gyu gyo  
じゃ じゅ じょ  
ja ju jo  
ぢゃ ぢゅ  ぢょ  
ja ju jo  
びゃ びゅ びょ  
bya byu byo  
ぴゃ ぴゅ  ぴょ  
pya pyu pyo  

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May 03, 2012 | 0 | Uncategorized