Hot spots on dogs

 When the season starting to change, sometimes, you would notice your dog is licking or chewing the spot to raw. Then, in some cases, the spot gets bold area,irritated and swollen.

 In the past, Palette had case like this 2 times.

 One time was around butt cheek fur area back in 2008, and the other time was around ankle area in 2012.

 Very first one we experienced years ago, we did not know she was chewing or licking one specific area to raw until it got bold and inflamed and moist looking. It is probably because especially the area was hairy area, plus we did not catch her messing with the area when she was with us.

 Therefore, the area got infected a bit and,we ended up taking her to the vet. There, we learned that she had the condition that is called “hot spot” or “acute moist dermatitis”.

 According to her, the hot spots is the inflamed/infected spot that was result of intense licking or/and chewing by a dog. The hot spots can be caused from variety of reasons such as flea bites, insect bites, allergy (food/ environmental/contact), mental cause that is called “lick granuloma” (often cause is from boredom / separation anxiety etc.).

 Hot spot area is usually mean red, or if it were too inflamed, sometimes see moist yellow gooey/oozing stuff on the spot and, because dog tend to lick/chew so much that the area can become fur-less (bold) spot.

 The area can get very itchy but at the same time, it can be painful as well.

 It is kind of like you get bitten by mosquito and if you scratch the area, it gets itchier and you will scratch more to raw in some cases and the area gets moist and infected.

 Since then, I learned what it was and, paid close attention if we caught her licking or chewing. At the same time, if we saw Palette keeps licking or chewing at the same spot intensely, we put her on shame of cones.

 It is because whether you will take your dog to the vet or take a measure of “wait and see” route, as long as the dog keeps messing the area, the area condition gets worse and,best thing is to interrupt the chewing/licking behavior.

 The picture below
is Palette wearing “Comfy cone”. It is soft Elizabeth collar,and I used it when she had hot spot suspicion.


Palette wearing Comfy cone..

 With Plastic classic style Elizabeth
collar,she tend to dig up the dirt with tip of the Elizabeth collar
because making sure safety of where she does potty is very important to
her
(she sniffs very good to
make sure her spot is safe).

 Also, every time she dug to sniff area,I had
to remove the Elizabeth collar with my half eye on her to make sure she
does not secretly chew on spot while I was washing it.

 After all, I decided to
take it off every time when we go for potty, and put it back on after potty.

 With classic plastic Elizabeth collar, I had to fight with holes to snap it on for long time, and it was really frustrating.

 With
comfy cone, it is easy to put it back on. You just need a second. And
it is not as hard as plastic one and seems comfortable. Supposedly,you
can fold back when you feed your dogs for easy access for meal.

 I
think, as for meal, it is more comfortable for dogs to be able to eat
meal without the collar because they would not be chewing/licking anyway
but eating. And,you maybe supervising them.

 Very first time Palette had the hot spot, very first thing our lady vet did was to shaving the area so the area can breath better.

 Then, she gave us anti itch pill, antibiotic pill, ointment called “Quadritop ointment”, and white powder called “NeoPredef with Teteracanine powder”,which is antibacterial powder that helps the area heal faster and better.

 She instructed us to wipe the infected area with Aloe vera and witch hazel wipe to clean first, and then apply the powder to the area every 12 hours for 7 days.

 We followed her instruction and by the day 3 or 4, the area was all scabby and dry , and Palette did not mess with the area anymore. Therefore, she was mostly free from cone of shame. She wore the cone only sleeping time then until full recovery.

If your dogs will be on antibiotic treatment..

 If your dog is going to be on antibiotic treatment, there is one thing you should know about.

 Make sure to give probiotic
during the antibiotic treatment, and plus 1 month after antibiotic time
period has ended because antibiotic kills all the beneficial bacteria in
the gut and you need to introduce the good beneficial bacteria back to
their gut again.

 Our vet said to give probiotic during the
course of antibiotic treatment and plus 3-5 days more after treatment is
ended but,with Palette, it was not enough to bring the number of
beneficial bacteria back to her gut.

 She needed probiotic for 1 full
month since the last day of the antibiotic treatment.

 Yassy’s Gourmet Dog Kitchen carry Acidophilus plus for dogs and puppy. This digestive supplement comes with liquid form,16 fl oz,and it has Triple Filtered spring water,Lactobacillus acidophilus cultures,Yucca,Papaya puree,Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) as ingredients.

 This is exactly the same digestive aids supplement I give to Palette when she has to be on antibiotic treatment or when she had digestive upset.

 The second time, the area did not get badly irritated as much as first time hot spots and, her treatment time was very short one with less medicine (antibiotic pill and Neopredef powder were not needed) and, we were glad we caught them early.

 What she gave us then was anti itch pill, plus new tube of ointment called “Quadritop ointment” since the same ointment we got at the first time was gone by the time we decided to visit her with 2nd round hot spots.

 When we went to the lady vet, we brought the bottle of Neopredef whether we can still use it on her. The expiration year was still ok, and the date itself was close enough but,we were told that the date was passed and her infected area was not looking that bad enough to use Neopredef powder, she gave us ointment,instead.

Palette’s 2nd time hot spots in the past…

 As
par our lady vet’s recommendation if we were to take “wait and see
measure” at first from the first visit with hotspot, we gave her 25mg benadryl capsule 2 times a day before we decided to visit the lady vet with second round hot spots. She is 30lb dog. I think she was on it about 12 days.

 For the dosage, you may want to contact your vet, and ask for suggested dosage for your furriends.

 When I did not see her scratching, I took the cone off  and let her be
free as long as she was around us.She looked happy because now she got
to chew her treats with no difficulties.

 With her hot spot round 2, benadryl worked okay
but,it was not complete free from the hot spot (she was not
chewing/licking intsely but we noticed that she licked/chew the area now and then) so we took her to the vet as round 2 hot spot.

 
 When we went with 2nd round of hot spots, although our lady vet told us at our very 1st hot spots time that the true food allergy is unlikely in her case, I asked about food Allergy because the hot spots scratches started about a couple of later after she had llama meat with bone. I knew she had no problem with Llama before but, since the scratchy day was very close to the feeding day, I asked the vet about her thoughts on this.

 After examining Palette, and knew we do flea comb but have not seen them on her, she thought it will be either contact allergy
(since she is short,easy to touch her tummy with grass etc..) or
seasonal allergy.

 She told us that year 2012 started off much warmer/hotter than last
year, and normally, they tend to see seasonal allergy around fall, but
it seemed to be shifted to summer this year and sees dogs like Palette
often during this season.

 That also means, this year 2013 is also strange weather lately and have hot humid day at daytime already, we may or may not see the scratch action sooner than average year.

 She also said to us that we were early to catch the hot spots area, so Palette does not have to be on antibiotic treatment.

 Palette came back home with a bit of shaved hind leg so the area can breath, clean, and dry.

 Since when we took Palette to her with
her first hot spot, and was told might be seasonal/contact allergy, I was avoiding grass for her to walk through for
walkie as much as possible, but I could not avoid the grass completely
because she wanted to do her potty #2 often times on grassy area.

 After the 2nd round hot spots event, I started letting her wear insect repelling t-shirts called “Insect shield” when weather gets warmer since I thought it could benefit her to not having bug around, also if she wore the t-shirts, bug might not bite her when she squat for potty.

 After the ointment with pill, her spot cleared out, and when it got cooled down and season changed and she seemed to have no more scratches.

 Based on that fact, it looks like she is seasonal allergy if she gets one.

 As hot summer is approaching, many dogs will be enjoying water shower or kiddy pool or beaches.

 When dogs get wet, make sure to dry them thoroughly so the fur is not left with dump condition;perfect environment for bacteria to grow.

 Also, when your dog got muddy and take a bath,make sure to remove all the shampoo off off them. Leftover shampoo can make them itchy.

 These last two points were some other things the lady vet told us what we can do to prevent the trigger as much as possible.

 Enjoy summer!

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Jun 11, 2013 | 0 | Miscellaneous (dogs)

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