Judo in Japan

Judo , literally translated from Chinese character to English it means meaning “gentle way”) is Japanese martial art/sport.

It is also one of summer Olympic game sports. Judo became Olympic sport in 1964 at Tokyo Olympic.

Judo was developed as samurai art of self defense in Edo period; 1600-1868.

Using Judo, one can defend oneself from attack,catch the opponent and defeat him without the use of weapons.

In the early Meiji period (1868-1912), Kano Jigoro not only established the Judo as sport but also founded Kodokan Judo,which aim for both physical, mental strength/discipline.

Judo uniform..

Kano Jigoro set up a system of ranks (dan) and class (kyu) as encouragement for his disciple and, the system still is used many years later.

Ranks is shown by belt color

Red: higher than 9th rank (dan)

Red and white stripe: 6-8th rank (dan)

Black: 1st-5th rank (dan)

Brown: 1st-3rd class (kyu)

White: 4th-5th class (kyu)

Match…

There are two categories:open weight and weight categories (7 categories)

A match is fought within 9.1 m x 9.1 m area.

Length of the match is anywhere from 3 minutes to 20 minutes.

The player who defeated the opponent by nage waza (throwing) so that he/she lands facing upward from the mat: or Katame waza ; (grappling) submission, and hold him/her more than 30 seconds ,win by ippon.

Judo technic..

Judo does not involve kicking, punching, or striking techniques of any kind.
Judo does not involve the application of pressure against the joints to throw an opponent.

Judo involves no equipment or weapons of any sort.

Instead, judo simply involves two players by gripping the judo uniform or judogi Eri (collar), use the forces of balance, power, and movement to attempt to subdue each other.

*** Throwing technique (nage waza)

Often times, this technique is used when opponent is off balanced to the front or back.

There are ..

Senage; shoulder throw

Osoto gari; Major outer cut

Hiza guruma: knee wheel

** Grappling technique (Katame waza)

This is the technique to make opponent submit by controlling his movements

Kami shihou gatame; Upper four corner hold

Kesa gatame: Diagonal hold

One of famous female Judo Olympic medalists is Ryoko Tamura (currently Ryoko Tani).

She is petit lady: 4.8 feet height , 106lb weight,but she won many medals at the Olympics in the past (she is now retired and working in democratic party.Quite a career change.)

Ryoko started Judo when she was 2nd grader,and at the age of 15, she entered in to Fukuoka International female competition for Judo and she won championship (youngest among the contestants).

She was skilled in speed and great sharp performance/technique.

Below is at Athens Olympic 2004, where she won Gold medal.Look how fast she goes..

Ryoko Tani wins gold medal..

Jul 09, 2017 | 0 | Japan

Leave a Reply